Having a car available can provide you with a lot of freedom and convenience when traveling through Europe. Travel at your own pace, stop whenever you want to take in the view, and get to some places that are difficult to reach via public transportation. However, there are some things to know about Renting a Car in Europe - points to consider. Knowing these differences in advance can save you some money and maybe even a big travel headache.
Rental Prices will vary based upon your selected options
- Manual vs. Automatic - an automatic transmission car will always be more expensive.
- Different Pick-Up and Drop-Off Locations - this can be very expensive so plan ahead ! The rental car company is actually passing on the cost of returning the car to where you rented it, to you.
- Picking up a Rental Car at an Airport or Train Station Adds an Extra Fee. Generally speaking, a rental car will less expensive if rented from a facility in town rather than the airport.
- Cross Border Fees - not always the case, but something you should be aware of.
- Adding a second driver - rental price goes up.
It’s most cost-efficient to rent a car for a week or more. The cost per day goes down drastically the longer the rental period. Association just an example, Auto Europe recently quoted me $795 for a 3 week VW Golf rental, but when we decided to use more train travel and wanted to adjust the car rental time duration to a week, the rental price was nearly $400.
Countries that require a Vignette
Vignettes are just "windshield RFID stickers" and Countries that require vignettes include Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Switzerland, Hungary, Slovenia, and Bulgaria.
Vignettes are sold at border crossings and gas stations (not all, but most). You can purchase a vignette for €3 to €10, depending on the country. If you fail to purchase a vignette, you could be fined 60€ or more. We have observed Swiss Highway Police monitoring cars as they enter tunnels, and pulling people out of traffic and fining them on the spot for lack of a vignette.
Some countries like Portugal for example, collect highway taxes via another type of RFID device installed on each car. Rental car companies in Portugal typically have those devices installed, but you should inquire to be sure before you depart the rental car facility.
"Green Card" Insurance
A green card is a cross-border insurance card that proves that your car has at least the minimum level of insurance required. Most countries in the EU do not require you to have a green card, however, it’s required in a handful of countries, including Bosnia & Herzegovina, Albania, and Montenegro, just to name a few.
This card is issued by your rental car company when you make your reservation.
Figure Out Which Side of the Road You Need to Be On
This might sound obvious, but many travelers overlook this simple detail. Most countries around the world drive on the right side of the road, but if you're traveling to Australia, the U.K., British overseas territories, Japan, India, or some countries in Africa, you might want to double-check where that steering wheel is.
You can prepare yourself mentally for how it might feel to drive on the other side of the road and avoid becoming one of those viral dashcam videos of unlucky tourists who end up in car accidents because they were unfamiliar with the rules of the road.
Make Sure You're Allowed to Drive
If you're headed to an English-speaking country, chances are you'll be able to get by with just your driver's license, but you may want to consider getting an International Driving Permit (IDP) in case you run across a car rental company that requires one. You can apply at your local American Automobile Association (AAA) office with a valid driver's license, two passport photos, and a completed IDP application.
Essentially, an IDP translates the information on your driver's license into 10 different languages, so if you get pulled over, the law enforcement officer will be able to see that you're legit.
Rick Steves says an IDP is no longer an issue, and I agree from personal experience.
Also, make sure to check the minimum and maximum car rental age in the country you're planning to visit. Ireland, for instance, doesn't rent cars to customers over 70 and most places require you to be at least 25.
Book in Advance
Book your rental ahead of time! It's easy to put it off because it might be the last thing on your mind after booking your flight and hotel. However, it's almost always going to cost you more money if you walk up to the counter when you arrive at your destination rather than reserving a car before you leave. Advance preparation also means you'll potentially avoid problems with exchange rates or language barriers.
Depending on where you book your trip, you can often add a rental car to a hotel and flight reservation and save big in the process. In addition, Auto Europe will display their competitor pricing on their website, saving you the necessity of looking yourself.
Get Adequate Insurance Coverage
Figuring out insurance coverage for rental cars can be a bit of a sticky situation since your existing car insurance company isn't likely to cover your car rental in a foreign country - it might - but you need to know before you rent a vehicle.
The easiest method is to get basic insurance coverage with your rental car and make sure you know exactly what that covers including the deductible, how many passengers, and whether it includes liability coverage, etc. Other options might include insurance coverage through your travel credit card or an add-on to your travel insurance plan.
Note: If you rent with a Visa card, decline the renting company's Collision Damage Waiver because Visa will cover damage due to collision or theft. You may need to check with your Visa card issuer to insure that this coverage is in effect with them.
Use a GPS App or Make Sure Your Rental Includes One
We have utilized Tom-Tom map devices, but now rely primarily on our cell phones. Our carrier has a $10 per day roaming plan for Europe that allows us to utilize Google or Apple maps to navigate by. Therefore, we do not generally utilize rental car company GPS devices, but you could consider such an option if your cellular carrier does not offer an inexpensive roaming plan. Having access to an accurate map while driving in Europe is a "must have" as streets can be one way and then turn into two way & back again, the streets can change names as they enter different districts, etc. Driving and parking in Europe can be a challenge !!
It's never a bad idea to have a back-up plan, so consider taking along an old-fashioned paper road map just in case you find yourself in an area where cellular coverage is spotty or your smartphone battery dies at an inopportune time (ps - don't forget a cell phone charger that will work in a car).
Don't forget these items
- Phone Mount - if you use any type of mapping service via your cell phone like we do, then this is a must so that your "navigator" can take a break.
- Car Charger - for all the obvious reasons!
- Charging Cable - ditto
- Paper maps?