A visit to Cartagena Spain

 

We were onboard the Norwegian Cruise Lines Epic on a repositioning cruise from Port Canaveral, FL to Barcelona with various stops along the way - the fifth stop being Cartagena.

Cartagena is 4,796.5 sea miles from Port Canaveral and 199 sea miles from Malaga. It is a major naval station located in the Region of Murcia, by the Mediterranean coast, south-eastern Spain. As of January 2018, it has a population of 213,943 inhabitants, being the Region’s second-largest municipality and the country’s sixth-largest non-Province-capital city. The metropolitan area of Cartagena, known as Campo de Cartagena, has a population of 409,586 inhabitants.

 Quick History Lesson 

Cartagena has been inhabited for over two millennia, being founded around 227 BC by the Carthaginian Hasdrubal the Fair as Qart Hadasht (Phoenician, meaning 'New Town'), the same name as the original city of Carthage. The city had its heyday during the Roman Empire, when it was known as Carthago Nova (the New Carthage) and Carthago Spartaria, capital of the province of Carthaginensis. It was one of the important cities during the Umayyad invasion of Hispania, under its Arabic name of Qartayannat al-Halfa.

Much of the historical weight of Cartagena in the past goes to its coveted defensive port, one of the most important in the western Mediterranean. Cartagena has been the capital of the Spanish Navy's Maritime Department of the Mediterranean since the arrival of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century. As far back as the 16th century it was one of the most important naval ports in Spain, together with Ferrol in the North. It is still an important naval seaport, the main military haven of Spain, and is home to a large naval shipyard.

The confluence of civilizations as well as its strategic harbour, together with the rise of the local mining industry is manifested by a unique artistic heritage, with a number of landmarks such as the Roman Theatre, the second largest of the Iberian Peninsula after the one in Mérida, an abundance of Phoenician, Roman, Byzantine and Moorish remains, and a plethora of Art Nouveau buildings, a result of the bourgeoisie from the early 20th century. Cartagena is now established as a major cruise ship destination in the Mediterranean and an emerging cultural focus.


 The above information was extracted from Wikipedia.

If you have never been to Cartagena & either you are planning a trip there, or you just want to know more about it, here are some good sources of information;

Exploring Cartagena

This was day 14 of our transatlantic cruise on the Norwegian Epic. The ship arrived in Cartagena harbor at 9AM, and as neither of us had ever been here - and - there was a major Roman Ampitheater ruin here, we were eager to go ashore and explore. Because of the relatively short stay here (passengers must be back aboard by 5:30PM) we made haste to go ashore as soon as possible.

Once the Epic was in position at it's pier and the passengers were allowed to go ashore, we set out for the Roman Theater.

Because the Cruise Dock is so close to the city, it was only a 700 meter walk to the Roman Theater entrance, and the street performers were already out & performing. Once we arrived at the entrance, we found that the line to get in was quite long, and we decided to walk around to the area above and to the rear of the Roman Theater.

The walk to reach the area above the Roman Theater was very steep, but once we arrived we had an incredible view of the theater area below as well as the city and harbor. The theater is very well preserved, and considering it's age, it looked like it could be used again today!

There was a kitten laying on a retaining wall, that greeted me in a friendly manner. I did not have anything that a cat could snack on, so all I could do was give it a friendly rub and we continued our explorations.

 Quick History Lesson 

The theatre was built between 5 and 1 BC, as has been proven by the dedication of the edifice to Gaius and Lucius Caesar, grandsons of Augustus, who had designated them as his successors.

In the 3rd century AD a market was built over the theatre, reusing its materials, with a semicircular open space which followed the plan of the orchestra. The market was perhaps abandoned after a fire caused by the Vandals in 425. A market quarter of the Byzantines was established on the site in the 6th century AD.

During the 13th century the Old Cathedral of the city was built over the upper cavea. In 1988 the first remains of the theatre were discovered during the construction of the Centro regional de artesanía. The archaeological excavations and the restorations were completed in 2003. In 2008 a museum, designed by Rafael Moneo, was opened.


 The above information was extracted from Wikipedia.

At the far side of the Roman Theater we saw that the Castillo de la Concepción could be reached via another steep trail. This castle was even higher than the Roman Theater so we walked up and explored it in more detail. You can see in the above pictures, that several peacocks were making that incredible squawk that they are known for! Beautiful birds, but very loud!

The castle grounds can be explored for free, but to enter the castle requires an inexpensive ticket, which we purchased to allow us to explore the interior. Most of which has now become a medieval museum.

 Quick History Lesson 

The castle of Concepción or Asdrúbal is a medieval construction of the 13th or 14th century, located on the hill of the same name that rises above Cartagena and its port (Region of Murcia , Spain). This castle is the one that appears represented in the coat of arms of the city .


 The above information was extracted from Wikipedia.

We decided to exit the Castillo by a different direction from which we got there, as we already knew that way was quite steep. As we went down the hill towards the city, we saw that there was a large elevator structure that would have allowed us to exit faster, but by then were nearly at the bottom of the hill!

With no specific place in mind, we decided to explore the city and see what we could find. Since the weather was so nice, and the city so walk-able, we enjoyed walking and exploring areas of the city.

After we had explored as much ground as we could cover, and because the ship was scheduled to depart at 5:30PM, we headed back to the cruise port area.

The area that we walked through back to the Cruise Port was very well maintained and there were a number of beautiful buildings.

Suggested links for Cartagena Spain


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